You Know I’m Bad—for Some Moore…

Ohh…are you being good? Behaviors can be learned by observation, example, order, or correction. What is the difference between how behaviors are learned and corrected in humans and animals? 

TRAINING BEHAVIOR IN HUMANS
The first way humans learn behavior is through observational learning of a behavior, attitude, or emotional expression. A baby, even before understanding words, observes how to act from watching actions and gestures from others, as was discovered by Albert Bandura, an American-Canadian psychologist in 1961. When a baby is just over a year old, the baby starts to learn the association of gestures with words. Parents introduce words which accompany gestures to indicate simple orders such as “yes”, “no”,  “stop”, “don’t”, and “come here”. The baby begins to develop vocabulary and respond with gestures to communicate. Once a child reaches adolescence, and are able to distinguish between right and wrong, they may question why they are asked to do something. They are either obedient to rules or use abstract reasoning to determine how they will react. A person might be conditioned to follow a rule, and do so in obedience, simply because they know it is right or wrong. This is typical of younger children. However, as a child grows into adulthood, they use reasoning to consider the options they have and what consequences might be associated with these decisions.

Positive Conditioning
Conditioning Behavior
Behaviors can be conditioned with rules, procedures, and expectations in place. Rules have set consequences which are most effective if they are served as soon as a rule is broken. Rules are stated and understood at the beginning of any endeavor, and if a rule is broken, there is a punishment which should be expected. Procedures on the other hand, outline the how-to process for an expected behavior of which there are no consequences. It is important for teachers to have these in place at the beginning of the school year. It establishes structure and guidelines that help prevent unruliness in the classroom. Without these stated and enforced, classes can be difficult to manage because with each individual comes to the classroom with their own idea of what is expected.

Modeling is another way to teach expected behavior in a positive manner. Both children and adults learn visually through observation and being shown how to do something. In a social setting, a person might observe other people and adjust how they act to match them appropriate to the setting. A teacher might use modeling in the classroom to point out how a student is demonstrating good behavior for the class to follow. An airline attendant may show travelers on an airline how to use oxygen masks in case of emergency.

Ordering is another way people learn to behave. Firmly, yet respectfully giving an order can be effective. Yelling orders, demanding behavior, without any respect, can have very little effect other than trying to intimidate the person to conform. Within the workplace, a manager might give orders to their staff that they need to stay on task to meet a deadline.

Having consequences in place helps behavior stay on track but gives a person the freedom of being able to know what happens if they don’t follow them. Part of the responsibility of being an adult is being able to have the freedom to make decisions by oneself taking into consideration consequences. Considering the consequences before doing something that may break the rules, helps a person evaluate whether a bad behavior is worth the punishment. Before a person breaks the law, they should consider that they might get caught, be fined, or go to jail. The behavior or result of the behavior, might be more important for an individual than the consequence. For others, the consequences restrain the person from pursuing a behavior which could compromise their safety or that of another person’s.

There are people who also have erratic behaviors which can be the result of medical issues or affected by drugs or alcohol. Behavior also affected by spontaneity, and irresponsibility—at the spur of the moment what seems like a good idea overcomes any rational thought process. Unwritten rules of our society might also affect behavior which is erratic, and these who act out of what is acceptable within society can be subjected to social consequences.

Positive Reinforcement
Positivity is always a good rule of thumb when it comes to behavior and reformation. A responsible person with a well-formed conscience is able to correct themselves. Although not immune to human error, they realize when their behavior is out of line, and seek to change their behavior to do what is right. Even if it is bad behavior that is repeated, they have a positive attitude knowing it is something which they can work on.

A positive attitude can be used to correct bad behavior in another person or in oneself. Even the most self-motivated person who wants to reform their behavior, is capable of slipping back into bad behavior. If a person has a positive attitude and can forgive themselves of their imperfection, they can continue to persevere at good behavior until they perfect it, and probably be very successful in their efforts. For those who need another person to hold them accountable, a positive spirit from an accountability partner can keep a person on track especially in the cases when temptation tries to win out over resolution. Just like a bridge from old behavior to new behavior, using positive reinforcement can help pave the way over falling into despair caused by not holding to new resolutions. People like to understand that they are good and are doing a good job. By complimenting a person on their achievements and letting them know they are doing well can add wonders to their morale and self-confidence. Finding qualities that can be praised as part of reformation helps encourage correction.

Using incentives is another way to reward success. Especially for more challenging transformations of behavior, it is a good idea to have a plan in place. Strategizing how to change a behavior might include making a list of objectives of desired results, a list of reasons to serve as reminders of why it the transformation is necessary, and ideas for rewards for achievements along the way. Some behaviors take longer to change than others. Earning incentives for good behavior can make working for new resolutions more fun!

Life Experiences
Life experiences can motivate a person to change behavior. The life experience might be learned from one’s self or from witnessing the life experiences of others. A person might go through a life-changing experience which changes their perspective enough to make them committed to change their behavior. A person who becomes addicted to a substance might suffer in such a way that their situation ‘wakes them up’ to not continuing. The person can even find support with groups of others who can help them keep on the path of recovery and be committed to making better choices. Likewise, a person can learn from another’s experience. A friend’s story can leave such an impact which causes them to rethink their own behaviors and become committed to changing their own life.

Repetition
Repetition also contributes to correcting bad behavior. Repeating a mantra that a certain action should not be done, reinforces that it shouldn’t. Having constant reminders to stay on the path of good behavior helps keep resolutions at the forefront of the mind. Relearning helps build new habits to foster steady good behavior.   

Negative Conditioning
Correcting behavior the wrong way can be classified as forms of abuse. Physical contact, verbal correction, and manipulation are sometimes used as ways to correct, but they are also more likely to be classified as abuse. Whether physical contact is abusive or not is determined by the evidence, what the intent is, if a minor or adult is involved, how hard the force, and an evaluation of the severity from the damage. Examples of physical correction are grabbing an arm to hold it back, spanking a child, slapping a face, beating someone, burning someone, or hitting or harming a person using a weapon, rape and other ways. Verbal comments can also be abusive. Harsh words, yelling at a person, name calling, harassment are all ways which can cause emotional damage. Even if a person is angry, correcting a person should be done firmly, but using gentle words. It is usually unproductive to yell although it may help vent feelings. Manipulation is also commonly used as a last resort when no other means of correction seem to work. While this may be effective as a way to bring about the desired behavior in a person, there is deception involved which leads to mistrust and resentment. The short-term good of achieving correction, is brought about by the evil from manipulation. Correcting behavior in another person is more likely if it is the person’s willful choice to change, rather than by tricking them using deceptive means.

The Effects of Positive Reinforcement on Humans for Correcting Behavior
How effective is it to use positive reinforcement as a means for correction rather than negative reinforcement? For one it is more likely to have a successful outcome. People generally respond to positiveness better rather than being forced into correction. It also is less risky. Using negative means for correcting behavior show that the person correcting an individual has less control over the situation. They are resorting to force to yield an outcome. In many ways, it is the way an adult might correct a child who they have lost control over. They resort to yelling, spanking, or manipulation. Adults who have not mastered positive reinforcement can also use these methods as a way to correct other adults. It generally does not work, because by adulthood there is a knowledge of one’s own independency and an expectation of individual respectfulness. Positive reinforcement and patience is more likely to work for both children and adults. It builds up the individual and guides them to making better choices on their own. The result is that the adult is proud that they have achieved a desired behavior, because it was their decision to change. Using negative methods, forces behavior that is likely to only change out of fear of further abuse.

Effects of Therapy for Abuse and Disorders
Counseling is an effective means for those who seek to change their behavior, those who have been physically or emotionally abused, and for those with disorders. Counseling can provide positive reinforcement while the individual works through their individual situations. Sharing information in a counseling environment provides professional guidance in a safe environment, with a qualified professional.

The Success Rate of Prison as a Means of Effectively Correcting Humans
Persistence in changing one’s own behavior pays off as some behaviors can land a person in prison. Most prisons offer in-prison rehabilitation programs which help identify criminal tendencies and solve recidivism, a person’s relapse into criminal behavior. These in-prison rehabilitation programs have been successful in reducing recidivism by up to 35% to prevent future crimes. According to the California legislature, there are 8 significant criminal risk factors: antisocial behavior, antisocial personality, criminal thinking, antisocial relationships, poor relationships with family and/or spouse, low performance at school and at work, low social engagement for leisure or recreational activities, and substance abuse. Rehabilitation programs can help lower the criminal risk of people who display these characteristics. Prison education, employment, and health treatment programs offer a number of directions to prisoners can provide hope to prisoners setting them on a new road for their future.

TRAINING BEHAVIOR IN ANIMALS
Both humans and animals have the ability to be trained to change their behavior. In 1902, Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychologist, studied behaviors in dogs and learned they could be trained to recognize an object to trigger a response. He noticed that a dog’s salivation changed when food was placed in front of the dog. Pavlov was able to condition a dog to have the same behavior using an unconditioned stimulus which was then associated with the response. For example, a dog started to saliva when there was food. A bell was introduced. The dog was trained that when a bell was present, food would be present. Therefore, the dog was conditioned to learn that the bell meant food and so he would start to saliva. When the bell was shown to the dog, the dog started to saliva because he knew that food was coming.

Symbols used to Trigger Behavior in Children and Adults
Conditioning is common in children especially in elementary school who are grasping new concepts of structure and order. They learn that certain symbols and colors have meaning and that they are expected to recognize and act on these. Teachers use call-and-response techniques to manage classroom behavior. Teachers teach students short, clever rhymes to let the student know they need to stop what they are doing and pay attention. They also use hand gestures and clapping as part of their call-and-response. Students respond to desired behaviors while having fun communicating back to the teacher that they understand what needs to be done. Adults also learn symbols which have meaning. Traffic signs are symbols of what behavior is expected from a driver or pedestrian. Behavior is trained so that we know how to drive and cross the street. There are also consequences which result when a driver or pedestrian does not follow these signs.

Similarities Between Learned Behavior in Animals and in Humans
Animals and humans learn behavior through positive reinforcement, observation, and repetition. Animals and humans respond to positive praise. Visually both learn what behavior is expected. Practicing behavior repeatedly helps master a new behavior. While most may assume that humans have a higher intellect than animals, this is not necessarily the case. Animals can be very intellectual and have the keen ability to sense danger, have an awareness of their surroundings, and the ability to communicate through sound. Most animals can be trained to new behaviors, although most respond to stimuli while humans are more likely to make decisions for their own new behavior for the sake of self-improvement.

Taming the Differences
It is more likely that an animal is subjected to physical conditioning as a way to learn behavior. It would be thought of as abuse to use a stick to train a child, but with a dog, there is no thought to using a stick or a leash for correction and to control them. Animals are submissive to humans, for whatever behavior the human wants of them—if no other reason of having no choice because of their confinement. They are taken from a community of same animals and are in a human’s kingdom, the house. They do not have any organizations they can call for help or support. At the mercy of the human, they hope for the best care. The human on the other hand at least has access to support organizations and resources available for abusive situations.

Human Differentiation Between the Behavioral Bias
Humans are conditioned best with intellect and a positive attitude. In George Orwell’s book 1984, he writes about a community called the Proles. These are people who have their own community within a larger government-controlled community they do not interact frequently with. The Proles are more concerned about their immediate world. They preserve the human spirit, are a feisty group of people, focused on love, hard work, are of a lower social level, and do not keep up with the world outside of their own. These Proles could be compared to the typical large retail stores of today, such as Walmart. As hearty, blue-collared employees they may have been with the store for many years and have built a bond and community with other employees who have been there for a long period of time. For these large discount retail stores, such as this one, it is typical that there is a community which forms within the store. The demographic is that of one which might be more social, less accepting of others, composed of individuals with lower education levels, a higher degree of attitude, and a need for order. These people need a structured system. They may fight the system with an attitude and break the rules but they need structure to align themselves to for productivity and success as individuals and as a whole. Obedience is also more likely, because rules and expectations are clear, but so is rebellion.

The next stage of education level is those who have a professional nature and maintain inner discipline and self-control. They readily adaptable to working with others. These people tend to accept others easier and realize that productivity is more important. Although structure is needed for behaviors, such as an HR policy, there isn’t much need for consequences for broken policy from management as all are expected to be adults. These employees require a looser managed structure because they are able to control their own behaviors.

People who are of an even higher intellect, need minimal to no structure. They typically are responsible for controlling others, and while they control themselves, they think in a wider capacity and have an ability to do more within their position. No rules can apply to them because they typically choose to live outside of any system’s rules. While they are capable of making larger decisions for the good of society or people, they also are capable of great damage. They typically do not misbehave, but they are not obedient to the small man’s laws. Overall, these people may break the rules or law, but typically they are loyal to their responsibility and make decisions for the good of people. Any bad behavior at an advanced level usually falls into loop-holes and is justified because the good outcome outweighs the bad. There is a reason in other words.

Correctional facilities apply to all. However the more intellect a person has and is a respected within society, despite whether what they do is good or bad, they are more likely not to go to a correctional facility. Quick thinkers also fall into this category as well, however, they are more likely to be institutionalized than those with caliber in society. Intellect is not necessarily defined upon education level. Speed is also a sign of intellect. Some people think so quickly they are able to twist the current system to their benefit and fool the entire population.

In the end, it is one’s own behavior for which one is ultimately accountable. Each must be responsible for guiding their own conscience for good and striving to go in the direction of good behavior over the tendency for making bad choices. This doesn’t necessarily mean a person lives less fully by having good behavior. It means they care about other people in the world who their behaviors may affect and for their own eternal good.


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Cher-Reading List

Enjoy reading, watching movies, and shopping? Cherbloggin has a list of products on each article page. Order by clicking on affiliate links on this page and throughout @cherbloggin on WordPress. There are over 500+ links to product recommendations including books, movies, appliances, gifts, and subscriptions. Here is a list of books I’ve recently read and enjoyed! Check back as I continue to add to this list with new books and media every couple of weeks.


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The Key the Doctrine of the Eucharist
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Walking with Mary: A Biblical Journey from Nazareth to the Cross
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Mary was obedient to God’s will, continuing to say yes even under the most difficult circumstances always trusting and believing in humbleness and obedience. This book takes a journey through Mary’s life and shows how she lives her life, filled with faith, with examples that can be applied to our own journey.

Jesus, The Way, the Truth and The Life
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The Power of Humility
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This book explains what being humble means in relation to God, other people, and in the way a person views themself. The power of humility changes a person to live a more virtuous life.

15 Days of Prayer with Thomas Merton
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Thank You for Being Such a Pain. Spiritual Guidance for Dealing with Difficult People.
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1984
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Tangled
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This 2010 Disney, computer-animated, musical fantasy film is based on the story of Rapunzel, who has magical long-hair with powers to glow and heal. She lives in a castle secluded from the world with her stepmother. After befriending a runaway thief named Flynn in the castle, she convinces him to help her escape and see the world which leads her to her parents. A bright, light-hearted movie for any age!

Sing
Starring: Matthew McConaughey, Reese Witherspoon, Seth MacFarlane 
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This 2016, light-hearted, computer-animated, movie produced by Illumination released by Universal Pictures, is filled with music and funny scenes that are sure to make you laugh. Singing animals, each with their own personality, showcase their talents in a singing competition which results in saving their favorite theater. If you love music and animated films—this is one you won’t want to miss.


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The Signs of Communication

With communication today, two extremities of communication exist: self-expression and speaking with discretion. Self-expression, or speaking openly on any topic without much censorship or use of etiquette, is common by most of the population. The second, opposite extreme, is speaking with discretion and saying very little in order to preserve one’s reputation. This is more typical of professionals and anyone of class, although it may not necessarily always the case. How are either of these improving the way we communicate? How are both of these skewing the line of civilized communication?

Self-Expression
The first extreme of communication is self-expression which has become an acceptable way to communicate today for most Americans. Unlike other countries, the United States does not have laws against hate speech. What a person says has no societal limitations in most settings. With this increase in self-expression, and decrease in societal parameters for civilized speech, the majority of the population feels they can say whatever they want—and for the most part they do. There is little thought put into what is said. Rather than considering how what is communicated might hurt or offend another, the priority is placed on voicing opinions without discretion, using uncivilized expressions, and being heard.

In the past, social standards influenced improper communication. In Roman and Greek cultures, speaking was seen as an art which had to be mastered before a person was given the right to speak on a topic. It could take years to master becoming an orator. The aspiring speaker had to first learn the art by studying the writings of philosophers, mastering grammar, and learning how to speak. In more modern times, within the United States, social standards set the acceptability of civilized speech and good etiquette. Even a minor comment could eliminate a person from social circles. Differences of opinion could certainly make for a worthy topic of discussion. However, being cordial was expected at a minimum for more vivacious discussions which could lead to arguments. It was possible for people to be accepted, although they might have differing opinions, and still be valued and respected with human dignity.

Within the last 50 years, there has been a shift to self-expression. The ability to say whatever is on a person’s mind is acceptable whether in person or online. There are hardly any limits to what a person may speak about. Open communication is seen as a way to provide transparency and the “honest story” of any person or situation. While this has many benefits, it crosses a line when dignity is stepped upon and boundaries are crossed. Consideration is necessary before speaking with regards to whom a person is talking to, if the topic is appropriate, and the choice of respectful words which are said for a pleasant conversation. Talking about anything can be very damaging. In fact, much of what people talk about has veered away from “ideas” and “intellectual topics”. Instead, what is more common is digressive speech such as gossip or speaking of topics which are inappropriate, very personal or sensitive in nature, or comments which might advertise the negative rather than focus on the positive. There is no preservation of the human dignity of a person. What needs to be said, is what is said, regardless of how it may hurt or offend the other person.

On social networks, a simple post can flare up into a war of replies within seconds. This trolling is often classified inaccurately as a “discussion” and “freedom of speech”. It would be better described as intolerance for a different view which triggers others chiming in to counter the post with an escalating degree of negativity and close-mindedness. These can occur even on simple posts that may not have any intent to attract opinions, but which result in a soapbox of negative, heated, responses. While self-expression allows for openness and problem solving, it can also open the door for adversity. Communication on digressive topics, and intentionally creating unnecessary conflict are examples of unhealthy communication. Speaking about anything without consideration of another person is rude and uncivilized.

The Power of Silence
The other extreme for communication is to choose to say very little or to remain silent. By speaking cautiously a person is more likely to preserve their good reputation. It also provides safety, by finding no partiality to any party or issue. The person remains politically correct by withholding an opinion. In many spiritual teachings, silence is perceived as golden. By remaining silent, a person can reflect wisdom. Remaining silent, a person does not reveal what they know or do not know. Likewise, by not speaking, there is less of a chance of speaking in an unintelligent manner, speaking offensively, or divulging information which should not be revealed. Remaining silent is also a way to absorb heated conflict, inappropriate speech, and to buy in time to respond with a more thoughtful response.

There is a time and a place to speak. George Washington said, “If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter”.  While we should speak out rather than remain silent on situations of injustice, on political views or ways that may affect our life, saying less, rather than more can be a way which contributes to civility. Voicing an opinion without consideration, can breed hate more than solve problems. This is where uncivilized speech occurs. In today’s culture, it is more likely that the freedom of speech is taken too far through the self-expression of uncivilized conversation. Self-expression can be the ignition of unnecessary conflict just to express an opinion. When freedom of speech is taken to this extreme, responding with silence can help swing the equilibrium of communication, bringing it back to more peaceful speech and civilized communication. Knowing when to speak and when not to speak is important.

Finding the Balance with Human Dignity and Respect
Some social and professional settings still have standards for communication, although uncivilized speech is more popular. Realizing that there is a place for self-expression while maintaining a standard for civilized communication is the challenge which we face today. Many do not recognize digressive communication. Being desensitized by the current standard, hardly anyone today questions inappropriate speech which is on the tongues of most and found in media and by leaders. If culture continues to accept digressive speech, it is a reflection on our country, acceptability for digression and lack of etiquette, and is an insult to the right to the Freedom of Speech which we have. The First Amendment was created for Americans to speak up for freedom and liberties for all. With an acceptability of hate speech and speaking on digressive topics, society is infected with negativity, hate, unacceptability, intolerance for differences, immaturity, a lack of professionalism, and lack of human dignity. It shows an inability to communicate and interact with others. For a country which prides itself on being a melting pot, this is not congruent. Although not everyone will get along, there needs to be a greater degree of respect for differences whether it is race, belief, lifestyle, ability, economic or any other characteristic. Valuing differences and human life needs a higher tolerance and acceptance. Inequality will always exist, but human dignity needs to be upheld. Since the primary problem of unacceptability stems from inappropriate speech, correcting communication that is off-balance can help set society upright to a culture with a civilized standard.


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Offer End Date: Dec 30, 2022 at 04:00 PM PST


Amazon Prime – Give a Gift
Give the Gift of Amazon Prime
Perfect as last minute gifts or for those who have it all. Some key Prime benefits:
* FREE Two-Day Shipping on millions of items
* No minimum order size
* Instant streaming of thousands of movies and TV shows
* Unlimited, ad-free access to over a million songs and hundreds of playlists
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Amazon Wedding Registry
Create an Amazon Wedding Registry
*Up to 20% completion gift off most products on Amazon
*World’s largest selection, plus Amazon’s reliable fast shipping and world class customer service
*It’s universal – add items from other websites with the universal button
* Fast, free shipping – Free shipping on orders over $25 or fast, FREE delivery on millions of items with Prime.
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Audible – Gift Memberships
Audible Gift Memberships
Offer End Date: Dec 30, 2020 at 04:00 PM PST


Audible – Audiobooks Subscription Offer
Try Audible and Get Two Free Audiobooks
Audible, an Amazon company, offers the world’s largest selection of digital audiobooks and spoken word content. With Audible, customers can listen anytime and anywhere to professionally-narrated audiobooks across a wide range of genres.
Offer End Date: Dec 30, 2020 at 04:00 PM PST


Prime Video Channels
Join Prime Video Channels Free Trial
Our membership program offers special benefits for a low monthly fee:
*Prime members can add subscription services like HBO, Showtime, STARZ and more to their membership
*Manage subscriptions via Amazon Video on any device
*No cable or satellite account necessary
*Watch popular TV shows and blockbuster movies
Offer End Date: Dec 30, 2020 at 05:00 PM PST


Amazon Family Trial
Join Amazon Family 30-Day Free Trial
Our membership program offers special benefits including:
*Save 20% on diapers subscriptions
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*Exclusive Baby Registry benefits
*FREE Two-Day Shipping on millions of items
*Unlimited instant streaming of thousands of movies and TV shows
*Unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs and more Prime benefits
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Amazon Prime Music
Join Amazon Prime Music – The Only Music Streaming Service with Free 2-day Shipping – 30-day Free Trial
Music 30-day Free Trials. Our membership program offers special benefits including:
*Unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs
*Instant streaming of thousands of movies and TV shows
*FREE two-day shipping (no minimum order size)
*Borrow Kindle books
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Amazon Prime – Free Trial Membership
Join Amazon Prime – Watch Thousands of Movies & TV Shows Anytime – Start Free Trial Now
Our membership program offers special benefits for just $99 per year:
*Unlimited instant streaming of thousands of movies and TV shows
*FREE Two-Day Shipping on millions of items
*Unlimited, ad-free streaming of over a million songs and more Prime benefits
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Amazon Prime Student – Trial Membership
Prime Student 6-month Trial
* Unlimited FREE Two-Day Shipping (with no minimum order size)
* Exclusive deals and promotions for college students
Offer End Date: Ongoing


Amazon Baby Registry
Amazon Baby Registry
Create a Baby Registry at Amazon.com.
* Everything you need
* Discounts
* Extended return period
* Add from any website
Offer End Date: Ongoing

The Fulfillment Lab
Learn More
and sign up!

The Fulfillment Lab offers:

  • Customized Packaging. Create customized packaging that resonates with your customers, building long-term brand loyalty and driving repeat sales.
  • White and Private Labeling. Quickly boost your profit margins by adding white and private label products that complement your existing line.
  • Dynamic Integration. Our fulfillment software dynamically integrates with eCommerce shopping carts in minutes, not days, so you can start selling almost instant.
  • Global shipping solutions.
  • Save money on shipping costs!

Download a Product Catalog
Download a Infographic on Fulfillment Marketing


Genesis Pro – Build sites faster|StudioPress|Build better sites faster on WordPress using Genesis Pro!|06/10/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1554634&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress

Genesis Pro – Create content quickly|StudioPress|Create WordPress sites and content quickly with prebuilt content blocks, sections and full page layouts using Genesis Pro!|06/10/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1554646&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
WP Engine – Summit 2020|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine Summit 2020 Goes Digital & Registration is Free|05/18/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1542163&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – SOC 2|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine Successfully Completes SOC 2 Type II Examination|05/18/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1542162&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Get 3 months free|WP Engine – Offer|WP Engine – Get 3 months free on annual plans|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=779590&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Managed WordPress Hosting|WP Engine – Content|Managed WordPress hosting, perfected.|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1497398&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Plans|WP Engine – Plans|WP Engine – Plans (With exclusive offer)|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=714568&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Affiliate Offer!|WP Engine – Offer|WP Engine – Affiliate Offer!|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1255604&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Worth It|WP Engine – Content|You spend 5x as much on your cable bill.|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=906810&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Easy Migration|WP Engine – Content|Migrate WordPress websites in just a few clicks.|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=906842&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Startup Plan|WP Engine – Plans|WP Engine – Startup Plan|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1055761&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Growth Plan|WP Engine – Plans|WP Engine – Growth Plan|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1055762&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Scale Plan|WP Engine – Plans|WP Engine – Scale Plan|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1055765&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – 2 Tier Referral|WP Engine – 2 Tier|WP Engine – 2 Tier Referral|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=419843&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Homepage|WP Engine|WP Engine – Homepage|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=394686&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Free Genesis Framework & StudioPress Themes|Main|Sign up for a WP Engine plan and receive the Genesis Framework and 35+ StudioPress Themes free!|02/19/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1291532&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Navigation Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Navigation Pro Theme|01/28/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1488409&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
StudioPress Themes on WP Engine|WP Engine – DXP|WP Engine – Premium StudioPress Themes|01/17/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1484364&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine for Developers|WP Engine – Content|Accelerated WordPress development with WP Engine|01/17/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=819404&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – DevKit|WP Engine – Content|Register for the WP Engine DevKit here!|01/17/2020|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1379286&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Speed Tool|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine – Speed Tool|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1270705&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Our Difference|Our Difference|Come see what makes WP Engine different.|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=715456&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
StudioPress Homepage|StudioPress|StudioPress Homepage|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320451&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
|StudioPress Themes for WordPress|StudioPress – Themes|StudioPress – Themes|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320634&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Pro Plus All-Theme Package|StudioPress – Themes|Pro Plus All-Theme Package|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320639&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Genesis Framework|Genesis|Genesis Framework|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320631&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Foodie Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Foodie Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320636&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Mai Lifestyle Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Mai Lifestyle Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320653&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Author Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Author Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320644&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Essence Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Essence Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320647&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Magazine Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Magazine Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320638&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Corporate Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Corporate Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1321095&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Authority Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Authority Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320642&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Monochrome Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Monochrome Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320702&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Business Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Business Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320728&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Refined Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Refined Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320699&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Metro Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Metro Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320646&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Academy Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Academy Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320648&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Altitude Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Altitude Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320649&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Agency Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Agency Pro Theme|11/07/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320650&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Infinity Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Infinity Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437804&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Refined Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Refined Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437799&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Business Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Business Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437794&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Author Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Author Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437786&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Altitude Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Altitude Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437779&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
AgentPress Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|AgentPress Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437776&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Parallax Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Parallax Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437726&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Agency Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Agency Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437725&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Foodie Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Foodie Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437724&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Elegance Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Elegance Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437723&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Mai Lifestyle Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Mai Lifestyle Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437722&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Essence Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Essence Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437721&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Authority Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Authority Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437720&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Revolution Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Revolution Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437719&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Breakthrough Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Breakthrough Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437715&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Magazine Theme Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Magazine Theme Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437712&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
|Academy Pro Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Academy Pro Demo|10/17/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1437706&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Genesis Framework Demo|StudioPress – Themes|Genesis Framework Demo|10/14/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1435149&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
WP Engine – Google C2 Announcement|Content|Increase your site’s performance on WP Engine with Google Cloud Platform’s newest infrastructure. |08/20/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1410676&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
|WP Engine – DevKit Blog Annoucement|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine Blog Post Announcement|06/12/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1379776&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – New Affiliate Offer|WP Engine – Offer|Get 3 months free when you sign up for WP Engine.|05/02/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1343154&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Enterprise Performance|WP Engine – DXP|WP Engine – Enterprise Performance|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1212175&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Actionable Intelligence|WP Engine – DXP|WP Engine – Actionable Intelligence|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1212176&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Creative Agility|WP Engine – DXP|WP Engine – Creative Agility|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1212174&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Ecosystem Integration|WP Engine – DXP|WP Engine – Ecosystem Integration|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1212179&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Resource Center|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine – Resource Center|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1212181&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – Page Performance|WP Engine – Content|WP Engine – Page Performance|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=959644&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
WP Engine – 3 months free on annual plans!|WP Engine – Offer|WP Engine – 3 months free on annual plans!|04/01/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=917225&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||WP Engine
Revolution Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Revolution Pro Theme|02/20/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1324865&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Genesis Framework Features|Genesis|Why Genesis is the Foundation of Any Smart WordPress Design|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320450&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
AgentPress Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|AgentPress Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320637&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Daily Dish Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Daily Dish Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320640&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Parallax Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Parallax Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320641&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Digital Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Digital Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320643&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Atmosphere Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Atmosphere Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320651&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Infinity Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Infinity Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320654&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Generate Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Generate Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320655&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Design Palette Pro|Genesis|Design Palette Pro|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320656&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Aspire Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Aspire Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320657&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Gallery Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Gallery Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320658&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Ambiance Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Ambiance Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320659&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Brunch Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Brunch Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320661&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Enterprise Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Enterprise Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320662&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Cafe Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Cafe Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320663&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Outreach Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Outreach Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320664&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Executive Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Executive Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320665&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Lifestyle Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Lifestyle Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320676&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Modern Portfolio Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Modern Portfolio Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320677&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
News Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|News Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320678&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Glam Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Glam Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320679&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
eleven40 Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|eleven40 Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320680&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Education Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Education Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320681&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Pretty Chic Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Pretty Chic Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320682&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Smart Passive Income Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Smart Passive Income Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320692&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Minimum Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Minimum Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320693&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Sixteen Nine Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Sixteen Nine Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320694&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Modern Studio Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Modern Studio Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320695&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Expose Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Expose Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320696&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Centric Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Centric Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320697&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
Wellness Pro Theme|StudioPress – Themes|Wellness Pro Theme|02/13/2019|https://www.shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=1320698&u=2451872&m=41388&urllink=&afftrack=|0|||StudioPress
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Sex Trafficking and the Perils of Privacy Invasion

Technology has helped position the sex trafficking industry as a lucrative market since the first sex website launched online in 1994. Since then, the online sex trafficking industry has grown, offering more options for buying and selling people into sex slavery and a smorgasbord of illicit, sexual services to clients all over the globe. The process is simple and streamlined with its transactions, leaving those involved virtually untraceable. Sex traffickers can easily generate revenue by posting services and enticing clients with a variety of digital content to meet specific requests—all at the expense and damage of those involuntarily expected to perform.

The Online Market for Traffickers
Conducting business online is a quick way to manage trafficking with less of a chance of being caught. It’s the ideal marketing playground for sex; sellers can reach specific target audiences with online advertising, and buyers can search for sexual services as a match for their needs. For sellers, posting online sex trafficking ads is an inexpensive way to find women and children to be bought and sold for sex services. For buyers, it is impossible to distinguish between online ads offering services they seek and those which involve unwilling trafficked women and children as participants. Exploding with an exploitation of minors, 100,000 websites exist that are dedicated to child pornography. In addition to advertising minors for sex, Backpage.com, which has since been shut down, was netting $150 million in revenue per year from adult service ads and was the source of 73% of child trafficking cases (Equality Now, 2020). Craigslist also ranks high as a way for online sex traffickers to remain anonymous while soliciting business. Fortunately, as sites use more advanced methods of artificial intelligence and laws are enforced, online advertisements have a greater chance of being detected and removed.

Footage and Footprints of Live-Streamed Sessions
Responding to ads posted online, buyers find sellers online who offer live-streamed sessions. Chat sessions using webcams are used to build a virtual relationship between the performer and client. An online relationship is established, enticing continual business with promises of eventually meeting the person. Victims who are exploited are forced to be on camera to put on a “show,” which brings in $20–$150 on average to the seller. Even children are offered a small amount of money to be part of nightly “shows” (International Observatory Human Rights, 2019). Buyers search online for children within a certain age range or who have a certain appearance. The seller provides live footage for them to view based on what they are looking for. Sex trafficking is a global issue, but in the United States alone, 21% of those who are victim to sex exploitation are children, with 63% of videos containing children under the age of 8 years old (Nuix, 2019). The ease of digital platforms has opened up ways for online advertising, marketing and communication to help bring in more sales and deliver content to buyers.

The Dangers of Other Online Sexual Content
Feeding addictions, curiosity and loneliness, cybersex trafficking provides sexual content and views to buyers for their visual pleasure, satiating their sexual perversions. Women and children who are used as slaves for the business are exploited, forced to engage in cybersex activities out of fear of abuse or other threats by sex traffickers. Online content and interactions include chat sessions, photos, recorded videos, live-streamed webcam videos and sex camming, where the buyer watches in real time and can request performances (Fight the New Drug, 2019). Selling sexual content can be highly profitable for sellers. It is not unusual for a live sex video to bring in $400 in 45 minutes. The victims, while of high value to the sellers, are treated as worthless. Young women who have been coerced into this sex business seldom receive money for sexual services but are used for traffickers to make money received by clients. Many are beaten if they do not cooperate and some are forced to have sex 20–48 times per day (Trafficked No More). Sex trafficking is a global concern as the Internet is used to transfer sexual content worldwide.

A Focus on Sex Camming and Trafficking Using Remote Drones
Another method for traffickers is using unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, to record live video of involuntary victims (Brookings, 2014). Thanks to aerial surveillance and remote applications, the target is able to be accessed live from anywhere. Even indoors within their own home, victims’ privacy is compromised while showering, undressing, using the toilet, having sex or just existing and the feed is streamed in full color with the ability for buyers to hear and speak to the victim. There is a limitless range to the accessibility of victims because they can be reached in any building and even outdoors in tents or at parks—anywhere electricity can be conducted, even through poles or trees outdoors. Friends or family members select the victim as the target without the victim’s permission. Additional recorded views are available online for purchase. Likewise, technology offers buyers the ability to X-ray the victim remotely to see through clothing and view inside the body to watch organs function and even interact with laser radiation to buzz them or pinpoint intimate body parts with a laser as they sleep. This form of sexual abuse and exploitation is nearly impossible to trace, and anyone can be made victim to this pervasive surveillance—anywhere and at any time—all for the benefit of those who have a device to invade others’ privacy for income and views. Although legislation is passed regulating the use of drones by the government, the general public being able to use drones as a means for trafficking is a concern that is overlooked.

Aperture With Legislation and Restrictions
In 2017, the government began to place a greater emphasis on online sex trafficking by passing the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA). This marked significant progress in establishing legislation for social networks, causing them to have a greater responsibility to censor content posted and sex trafficking advertisements. Victims can find hope for justice as social network providers face tighter restrictions and heightened accountability.

 

References

Brookings. McNeal, G. (2014, November). Drones and aerial surveillance: Considerations for legislatures. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/drones-and-aerial-surveillance-considerations-for-legislatures/amp

Equality Now. (2020). Human Trafficking & Online Prostitution Advertising. Retrieved from https://www.equalitynow.org/interrupting_the_vicious_cycle_of_online_sex_trafficking

Equality Now. (2020). Interrupting the Vicious Cycle of Online Sex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://www.equalitynow.org/interrupting_the_vicious_cycle_of_online_sex_trafficking

Fight the New Drug. (2019, April 11). Uncovering the Dark World of Trafficking in the Webcamming Industry. Retrieved from https://fightthenewdrug.org/uncovering-secret-world-trafficking-camming-industry

International Observatory Human Rights. Allen, C. (2019, March 7). The Role of the Internet on Sex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://observatoryihr.org/blog/the-role-of-the-internet-on-sex-trafficking

Nuix. (2019, July 16). Pogue, C. Continuing the Fight Against Cybersex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://www.nuix.com/blog/continuing-fight-against-cybersex-trafficking

Trafficked No More. Sex Trafficking States. Retrieved from http://traffickednomore.org//warning-signs/sex-trafficking-stats

Written for One Bread Foundation, Inc., June 2020


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Sex Trafficking in the United States: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice
by Andrea Nichols

Social Work Practice with Survivors of Sex Trafficking and
Commercial Sexual Exploitation

by Andrea Nichols, Tonya Edmond Ph.D., Erin Heil Ph.D. (Editors)


Camming

by Angela Jones


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Movie Review: Jexi

Intro
JEXI is a thought-provoking movie making a call on the need for a balance between human relationships and dependency on technology for everyday existence. Jexi brings to the forefront the question of defining what a relationship is in today’s 21st century world as we move toward further integrated advancements such as artificial intelligence. What is the limit and what is on the line when it comes to technology replacing in-person human relationships.

Movie Review: Jexi
In a world where we are becoming more dependent on our cell phones for companionship, the movie Jexi raises the question of how human relationships have changed in the 21st century as a result of technology. In this movie, Phil (Adam Devine), is excited to buy a new cell phone. Loaded with all the latest apps and technology, including artificial intelligence, the cell phone seems to be the best on the market and even comes with a personal assistant to help organize Phil’s life. Jexi, with the personality of a single female tries to lure Phil into a relationship with her while helping him with all of his daily decisions. She offers Phil advice as an answer to all of his needs. He falls in love with here as she quickly begins to overtake his life. Phil must learn how to transition from the awkwardness he has with in-person interactions and being engrossed with technology, to making a conscious decision that people come first and risks are meant to be taken in person.


JEXI Movie

Buy or Rent Jexi
Starring: Adam Devine, Alexandra Shipp, Michael Peña and Rose Byrne
Directed by: Jon Lucas

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How to Break Up with Your Phone: The 30-Day Plan to Take Back Your Life
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12 Ways Your Phone Is Changing You
by Tony Reinke and John Piper

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The Sick of Social Impolite

Another online post hurling words of rudeness.

Feverishly social listeners try to respond quickly to maintain the brand image of their business and move irate customers offline. Personal conversations however are less likely for recovery. These spontaneous posts have little construction to them, typed on the spur of the moment. Statements are made about whatever comes to mind first with very little thought put to them other than what is said. What may be intended as sarcastic humor can be rude, negative, and even hateful. Little consideration is given to who is it written for. To say anything without regard for others is our right as freedom of speech, isn’t it? Or is it.

As part of successful communication a degree of respect must exist between two parties and a desire to minimize conflict in order to communicate. To achieve this, you must practice being polite. This is the case whether online or in person. Over the last 25 years there has been an increase in rudeness by approximately 75% (Statistica 2019). Online rudeness has steadily increased with more people using the Internet.

When a person you are communicating with in-person is in front of you, their facial expression can indicate how your message is received. A polite person will look for these indicators as they communicate and react accordingly. Human nature causes most people to recognize the effects of an insult and stop. Most even respond with an apology. This is not the case online. Candid responses are posted not to individuals but to avatars with the ability to text responses. Unless someone responds back, you have no idea how a post may have affected them, and it may not be real. Online posts can essentially be spontaneous real thoughts, which are posted with little regard for who is reading it. Posts can take their toll on the recipient.

Trolling and cyberbullying are extreme cases of impoliteness which are common on the Internet. Trolling is when someone posts inflammatory remarks to start an argument which results in a long tirade of heated, opinionated responses. These can easily get out of control and if not moderated can be soapbox platforms of spiraled negativity. Cyberbullying can be defined as deliberate harm directed at a person to haze them with hate remarks and threats. There are laws against cyberbullying, as well as libel and slander which result in the defamation of reputation and character of an individual.

Another reason for an increase in impoliteness online is the standard for civility has changed significantly. If rudeness is not corrected as wrong, it becomes the standard. Posting positive messages is one way to encourage politeness online as the new standard.

Putting thought into what is posted whether it is text, photos, memes, videos or any other media shared is wise. It is a reflection of yourself regardless of whether it reaches one person or many. Electronic communication can reach thousands of people within seconds. Once it is sent, sometimes it is not able to be reversed. Consider if what you are sending is appropriate before you hit send.

Help recover politeness by being socially polite online.

@cultureofkind


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Interactive Children’s Media, Media Kit

Interactive Media

Interactive Children’s Media is changing the way children are learning. Studies suggest 85% of children are using the internet and over 60% are using educational applications. Children can have fun while learning captivated by tech-savvy applications that stimulate their minds. Interactive Children’s Media specializes in providing customized media solutions for software applications. Integrating software applications for cross-platform use provides more options for compatibility with desktop computers, iPads and notebooks, cell phones, and game consoles. Children have instant access to information and are inundated with relevant and useful content increasing literacy and learning.

Interactive media engages children with the use of their senses. Children use their eyes, hands, and ears as they interact with applications. They are able to work at their own pace to achieve learning goals. Online educational games utilize incentive-based levels and reward systems which encourage children as they progress through the learning application. Learning games are an affirming and a positive experience for self-motivated learners. Experiencing these small achievements enhances the learning experience as content is delivered to the child.

Interactive Children’s Media is currently developing augmented reality and virtual reality programs creating a 3-D experience for children to learn within. New technology incorporates sense technology that adds smells to the environment, climate control options, and movement. Simulator experts have developed a line of accessories which will be available next year.

Interactive Children’s Media’s advertising team offers promotional opportunities for businesses to advertise their children’s products. Taking your product to market never could be easier! Advertise in our printed magazine or let us promote your product on social media! Call for pricing.

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PRINT
We offer print advertising for our product catalog, trade show brochure, and e-book. Leverage your brand and generate leads easier by advertising in our well-known publications. Advertising in print helps build credibility to your audience by providing them with reliable content information in a tangible format. Readers have longer attention spans than those viewing advertising online—something to take advantage of, especially when studies show that 65% of publication readers will be more likely to purchase after viewing print advertising. As an extra bonus to your marketing mix, have your print advertising work in tandem with digital advertising. Promote your website or include a QR Code with an incentive to view your company online. 

Printed advertising is available in a two-page spread, horizontal half-spread, full-page, half-page horizontal, half-page vertical, and quarter-page vertical size formats. Schedule run dates for issue, placement, and ad space availability  online and by phone. Please see the chart below of the list of page sizes offered.

If you need help setting up an ad, we have services available to do just this. Just give us a call and we will create an ad for you as part of our graphics services! 

Social Media

FACEBOOK
Target your advertising according to demographics and interest on Facebook providing your target market with relevant content and campaign advertising to successfully reach them. We offer several different advertising options for advertising placement on Facebook. Choose to place a simple Image Ad which is static, or run a Video Ad instead. Carousel advertising can run up to 10 images, slideshows, or videos in one single campaign.  

TWITTER
Advertise with fewer characters and reach your audience’s attention with conciseness. The Image Website Card includes a static ad with image, title, and description. Single and Promoted Video Advertising is also available with additional size options and character lengths.

LINKEDIN
Build relationships and B2B marketing opportunities. Advertising on LinkedIn increases lead generation which develops brand awareness and conversion rate. There are several static and media options available. We also can create an advertising campaign for you and measure your advertising ROI using analytics. 

GOOGLE
Looking to be found? Advertise on Google to increase conversions. Google Adwords and SEO benefits are reasons to consider advertising options on Google. Higher rankings in Google’s search engine means greater visibility of your ad to your audience. We offer various advertising sizes for each of your marketing campaigns. Give us a call to discuss all the options you are searching for in further detail!

[The Interactive Media concept is a proposed company for a sample project. Statistics presented here are not based on researched information.]


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Read more about Interactive Media:
Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning
by Doug Buehl

Michael Allen’s Guide to e-Learning:
Building Interactive, Fun, and Effective Learning Programs for Any Company

by Michael W. Allen and Tony Bingham

Interaction Online:
Creative Activities for Blended Learning (Cambridge Handbooks for Language Teachers)

by Lindsay Clandfield and Jill Hadfield

#1 Learn To Read Program!
Hooked on Phonics

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