Halloween, the Trick of Treating for 2020, and Top Candy Selections

The History of Halloween Trick-or-Treating
Spooks and goblins, or trick or treating, goes back to the 7th or 8th century BC. The change of season from summer to winter was celebrated by the Celts with the Samhain festival, a pagan worship celebration marking the change in the season from summer to winter. The Celts paid worship to pagan gods by giving thanks and sacrifice. Out of fear of the power of the gods, the worshipers wore disguises and masks to remain unidentifiable hoping to chase away spirits and avoid any trickery the gods might inflict upon them. As it was believed that the souls of the dead roamed the earth during this time of the year, the Celts left food for them hoping to appease them and keep them from haunting the living. In the 8th century AD, All Saint’s Day which was celebrated by Christians was merged with the observance of Samhain to create one holiday. Protestants opposed the holiday believing it was too pagan, while the Irish immigrants to the United States in the 19th century contributed to culture with their enthusiasm for wearing costumes to celebrate. Today Halloween has evolved into a secular tradition filled with costumes, decorations, themes of horror and death, spirits, cute and scary pumpkins, trick-or-treating, and parties for all ages. For the more spiritual, those who attend church recognize Halloween as a “hallowed eve”, or a holy night before the celebration of the remembrance of the dead. All Soul’s Day on November 1, to remember those who have died, and All Saints Day, on November 2 to honor the saints in heaven.

The Halloween holiday has evolved the last century to one of giving treats rather than one of trickery. Observing the practice of giving treats or tricking people started as early as the 1920’s in the United States. Children in disguises went in groups door-to-door asking for a trick or a treat. Tricking a homeowner would mean the group of children would do a prank on the homeowner’s property or rob the homeowner. If the homeowner chose not to be tricked, the children received a treat. The goal was to end the evening having received many treats. By the 1950’s trick-or-treating became an established custom for children to dress up and go door-to-door asking for tricks or treats. It wasn’t until the 1970’s that the phrase ‘trick-or-treat’ became official. Today children still go door-to-door in safe neighborhoods, while many local children’s events offer group venues for children to safely go trick-or-treating. The tricks associated with the holiday can now be found at haunted houses and house parties with scary moments and surprises. For the most part, the holiday is one of dressing up in creative costumes and giving treats of candy and simple toy gifts to children. Adults also look forward to dressing up for holiday Halloween parties where they too can celebrate and enjoy food, candy, and spirited drinks.

As you get your costume together for you or your children this Halloween, don’t forget to wear your mask and bring your hand sanitizer! The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that standard costume masks may not be thick enough for COVID-19 disease control. It is also advised not to wear a mask under or over a costume mask as it could be too thick for breathing. The trick is taking time to adjust costume masks to comply with COVID-19 precautions to ensure it does not overly restrict breathing. Those planning to hand out candy should consider drive-by, drive-way tables where cars can line up to gather candy from. Outdoor scavenger hunts or other activities which maintain 6 feet of social distancing are also recommended. Don’t be scared! Enjoy gobblin’ candy and Happy Halloween!


Here is a List of Halloween Candy Ideas!
Shop these affiliates in time for Halloween!

CHOCOLATE
If you are looking for fun, creative options for Halloween chocolate candy and packaging, take a look at this list. Hershey’s has bulk chocolate candies in a variety of shapes, flavors, and packaging perfect for handing out to trick-or-treaters or to fill a candy bowl at your Halloween party!

Hershey’s Glow in the Dark Halloween Chocolate Candy
Glow in the Dark Snack Size Halloween Chocolate Candy
Assortment 3 Pack
Includes: Kit Kat (9.8 oz), Hershey’s Milk Chocolate (9.45 oz), Reese’s (9.35 oz)

Glow in the Dark Wrapped Variety Mix
150 count assortment pieces
43.28 oz bag of Hershey’s, Kit Kat, and Reese’s

Hershey’s Chocolate Pumpkins, White Chocolate Ghosts, and Chocolate Bats
Hershey’s Reese’s Peanut Butter Candy
Chocolate Pumpkins, White Chocolate Ghosts, and Chocolate Bats
10.2 oz each snack candy bags
Includes: 1 White Chocolate Reeses Peanut Butter Ghosts (10.2 oz),
1 Reeses Chocolate Pumpkins (10.2 oz), 1 Reeses Chocolate Bats (10.2 oz)

Hershey’s Kit Kat Decorated Foil Halloween Candy
Kit Kat Halloween Miniatures
Kit Kat Halloween Chocolate Candy, Spooky Miniatures
36 oz bulk candy
36 oz bag of individually wrapped Kit Kat Miniatures
Crispy wafers covered in smooth milk chocolate
Specially wrapped in Halloween-themed ghost, skeleton, and sheriff foils

Hershey’s Miniature Assortment Bulk Bags
Hershey’s Dark Chocolate Miniature Bars
Includes: Dark chocolate
3 lb bag

Hershey’s Miniatures Chocolate Candy Snack Size Assortment
Includes: Hershey’s Milk Chocolate, Krackel, and Mr. Goodbar
56 oz bag

Hershey’ Nuggets Halloween Candy, Assorted Chocolate
Includes: Milk chocolate, Milk chocolate with almonds,
Special dark, mildly sweet chocolate with almonds, Extra creamy milk chocolate
with toffee and almonds
31.5 oz bag


CANDY CORN
Candy corn—an all time favorite classic candy of Halloween is available in a variety of flavors. Try seasonal flavors of caramel apple, apple pie, pumpkin pie or select from non-traditional candy corn colors to add color variety to match party themes!

Candy Retailer Caramel Apple Candy Corn
Color: red, white, and brown
Carmel apple flavor
1 lb bag

Zachary Patriotic Candy Corn
Color: red, white, and blue
Raspberry lemonade flavor
1 lb bag

Brach’s Apple Pie & Pumpkin Pie Flavored Halloween/Fall Candy
Color: Orange and white, brown and white
Apple pie and pumpkin flavor mixed bag
5 oz bag

Indian Candy Corn
Color: brown, orange, white
1 lb bag

Candy Retailer Candy Corn
Color: yellow, orange and white
Traditional candy corn
1 lb bag

Autumn Mix Mellocreme Mix Fall Halloween Candy Mix
Mix of traditional candy corn, Indian candy corn and pumpkin candy
1 lb bag


HALLOWEEN MARSHMALLOWS
Marshmallows for Halloween? Send chills up your neighbors’ spines with how creative you are! These snackable flavors of marshmallows are a healthier option than many candy bars and are a unique treat to hand out.

SmashMallow Fun Size Variety Pack
30 Individual Treats
30 individually-wrapped snackable Marshmallows Assorted Flavors
Flavors: Cinnamon Churro, Mint Chocolate Chip, Strawberries & Cream, Cookie Dough
Non-GMO, Organic Cane Sugar
25 calories each


HEALTHY HALLOWEEN TREATS
Show your thoughtfulness and creativeness by offering healthy Halloween treats as an alternative to candy. Pretzels, chips, or other snack options are perfect for those with special dietary needs.

Utz Halloween Shaped Pretzel Treat Barrels
70 count, 35 oz (2 lb 3 oz) individual 0.5 oz bags
Snack-sized individually packaged pretzels shaped as pumpkins and bats

Halloween Garden Veggie Ghost and Bat Chips
40 count, 20 individual 0.75 oz bags
Sea salt, garden veggie chip shapes of ghosts and bats
Made with garden-grown potatoes and vegetables
Non-GMO, vegan, gluten free, no artificial flavors, colors or additives



HEALTHY TREATS
More Halloween Snack Options
Fruit snacks, rice crisps, organic lollipops and gummi bears, crackers, and healthy food bars
Dairy-free, organic, and non-GMO options

Welch’s Fruit Snacks, Berries ‘n Cherries
40 count, 0.9 oz bags
Gluten free

YumEarth Gluten Free Gummy Bears, Assorted Flavors
43 pack, 0.7 oz bags
Allergy friendly, non-GMO, no artificial flavors, organic ingredients

Quaker Popped Gluten Free Rice Crisps Variety Packs
30 count, 0.67 oz bags
Gluten free, Made with corn and whole grain brown rice
Flavors: Sweet BBQ, Cheddar, Buttermilk Ranch

YumEarth Organic Lollipops, Variety Pack
50 lollipops, 10.9 oz
Organic, allergy friendly, non-GMO, gluten Free, vegan
Flavors: Pomegranate Pucker, Wet-Face Watermelon, Strawberry Smash, Googly Grape,
Very Very Cherry, Perfectly Peach, Razzmatazz Berry, Mango Tango

Black Forest Organic Gummy Bears Candy
65 count, 0.8 oz bag
Organic, gluten-free, fat-free

Pepperidge Farm Goldfish Classic Mix Crackers
30 count bags
Flavors: Goldfish Colors, Goldfish Cheddar, Goldfish Pretzel
10 single-serving packs of Goldfish Colors (0.9 oz bag),
12 packs of Goldfish Cheddar (1 oz bags) and 8 packs of Goldfish Pretzel (1 oz bags)

Annie’s Organic Halloween Bunny Grahams
22 count, 0.4 oz individual bags
Orange and brown Halloween bunny grahams
Organic wheat flour, non-GMO,
No artificial flavors, synthetic colors or synthetic preservatives,
No high-fructose corn syrup

CraveBox Healthy Care Package
30 count
Natural Food Bars Nuts Fruit Health Nutritious Snacks
Variety Gift Box Pack Assortment Basket Bundle Mix Sampler
Sweet and savory selections of nuts, fruit chews, bars, popcorn, veggie chips


Interested in reading more about Halloween Trick-or-Treating?
Trick or Treat: A History of Halloween [Hardcover] 
by Lisa Morton

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Halloween Hand Sanitizer Holders – 6 sets
6 Sets Halloween Silicone Hand Cleaner Holders
Pumpkin Empty Travel Keychain Carriers with Hand Refillable Bottles Portable Plastic Leak Proof Liquid Soap Bottles for Travel Daily Use, Kids Gifts

Halloween COVID Signs and Masks
Shop a variety of COVID signs and Trick-or-Treat masks


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Sex Trafficking and the Perils of Privacy Invasion

Technology has helped position the sex trafficking industry as a lucrative market since the first sex website launched online in 1994. Since then, the online sex trafficking industry has grown, offering more options for buying and selling people into sex slavery and a smorgasbord of illicit, sexual services to clients all over the globe. The process is simple and streamlined with its transactions, leaving those involved virtually untraceable. Sex traffickers can easily generate revenue by posting services and enticing clients with a variety of digital content to meet specific requests—all at the expense and damage of those involuntarily expected to perform.

The Online Market for Traffickers
Conducting business online is a quick way to manage trafficking with less of a chance of being caught. It’s the ideal marketing playground for sex; sellers can reach specific target audiences with online advertising, and buyers can search for sexual services as a match for their needs. For sellers, posting online sex trafficking ads is an inexpensive way to find women and children to be bought and sold for sex services. For buyers, it is impossible to distinguish between online ads offering services they seek and those which involve unwilling trafficked women and children as participants. Exploding with an exploitation of minors, 100,000 websites exist that are dedicated to child pornography. In addition to advertising minors for sex, Backpage.com, which has since been shut down, was netting $150 million in revenue per year from adult service ads and was the source of 73% of child trafficking cases (Equality Now, 2020). Craigslist also ranks high as a way for online sex traffickers to remain anonymous while soliciting business. Fortunately, as sites use more advanced methods of artificial intelligence and laws are enforced, online advertisements have a greater chance of being detected and removed.

Footage and Footprints of Live-Streamed Sessions
Responding to ads posted online, buyers find sellers online who offer live-streamed sessions. Chat sessions using webcams are used to build a virtual relationship between the performer and client. An online relationship is established, enticing continual business with promises of eventually meeting the person. Victims who are exploited are forced to be on camera to put on a “show,” which brings in $20–$150 on average to the seller. Even children are offered a small amount of money to be part of nightly “shows” (International Observatory Human Rights, 2019). Buyers search online for children within a certain age range or who have a certain appearance. The seller provides live footage for them to view based on what they are looking for. Sex trafficking is a global issue, but in the United States alone, 21% of those who are victim to sex exploitation are children, with 63% of videos containing children under the age of 8 years old (Nuix, 2019). The ease of digital platforms has opened up ways for online advertising, marketing and communication to help bring in more sales and deliver content to buyers.

The Dangers of Other Online Sexual Content
Feeding addictions, curiosity and loneliness, cybersex trafficking provides sexual content and views to buyers for their visual pleasure, satiating their sexual perversions. Women and children who are used as slaves for the business are exploited, forced to engage in cybersex activities out of fear of abuse or other threats by sex traffickers. Online content and interactions include chat sessions, photos, recorded videos, live-streamed webcam videos and sex camming, where the buyer watches in real time and can request performances (Fight the New Drug, 2019). Selling sexual content can be highly profitable for sellers. It is not unusual for a live sex video to bring in $400 in 45 minutes. The victims, while of high value to the sellers, are treated as worthless. Young women who have been coerced into this sex business seldom receive money for sexual services but are used for traffickers to make money received by clients. Many are beaten if they do not cooperate and some are forced to have sex 20–48 times per day (Trafficked No More). Sex trafficking is a global concern as the Internet is used to transfer sexual content worldwide.

A Focus on Sex Camming and Trafficking Using Remote Drones
Another method for traffickers is using unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, to record live video of involuntary victims (Brookings, 2014). Thanks to aerial surveillance and remote applications, the target is able to be accessed live from anywhere. Even indoors within their own home, victims’ privacy is compromised while showering, undressing, using the toilet, having sex or just existing and the feed is streamed in full color with the ability for buyers to hear and speak to the victim. There is a limitless range to the accessibility of victims because they can be reached in any building and even outdoors in tents or at parks—anywhere electricity can be conducted, even through poles or trees outdoors. Friends or family members select the victim as the target without the victim’s permission. Additional recorded views are available online for purchase. Likewise, technology offers buyers the ability to X-ray the victim remotely to see through clothing and view inside the body to watch organs function and even interact with laser radiation to buzz them or pinpoint intimate body parts with a laser as they sleep. This form of sexual abuse and exploitation is nearly impossible to trace, and anyone can be made victim to this pervasive surveillance—anywhere and at any time—all for the benefit of those who have a device to invade others’ privacy for income and views. Although legislation is passed regulating the use of drones by the government, the general public being able to use drones as a means for trafficking is a concern that is overlooked.

Aperture With Legislation and Restrictions
In 2017, the government began to place a greater emphasis on online sex trafficking by passing the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA). This marked significant progress in establishing legislation for social networks, causing them to have a greater responsibility to censor content posted and sex trafficking advertisements. Victims can find hope for justice as social network providers face tighter restrictions and heightened accountability.

 

References

Brookings. McNeal, G. (2014, November). Drones and aerial surveillance: Considerations for legislatures. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/drones-and-aerial-surveillance-considerations-for-legislatures/amp

Equality Now. (2020). Human Trafficking & Online Prostitution Advertising. Retrieved from https://www.equalitynow.org/interrupting_the_vicious_cycle_of_online_sex_trafficking

Equality Now. (2020). Interrupting the Vicious Cycle of Online Sex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://www.equalitynow.org/interrupting_the_vicious_cycle_of_online_sex_trafficking

Fight the New Drug. (2019, April 11). Uncovering the Dark World of Trafficking in the Webcamming Industry. Retrieved from https://fightthenewdrug.org/uncovering-secret-world-trafficking-camming-industry

International Observatory Human Rights. Allen, C. (2019, March 7). The Role of the Internet on Sex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://observatoryihr.org/blog/the-role-of-the-internet-on-sex-trafficking

Nuix. (2019, July 16). Pogue, C. Continuing the Fight Against Cybersex Trafficking. Retrieved from https://www.nuix.com/blog/continuing-fight-against-cybersex-trafficking

Trafficked No More. Sex Trafficking States. Retrieved from http://traffickednomore.org//warning-signs/sex-trafficking-stats

Written for One Bread Foundation, Inc., June 2020


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Sex Trafficking in the United States: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice
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Camming

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The U.S. Response to Sex Trafficking

Sex, which should be an act of love between a man and woman, has an entirely different meaning from a business standpoint. For most, the word “prostitution” comes to mind when sex and business are associated together. However, one of the largest issues when it comes to illegal sexual activity is the crime of sex trafficking. Sex trafficking involves using force or coercion to make an adult or minor engage in commercial sex acts in exchange for money, food, shelter, drugs or possessions. Sex traffickers force an individual to provide sexual acts, which can include escort services, sex in illicit massage storefronts, outdoor solicitation, pornography, personal sexual servitude, interactive cybersex acts or as companionship at bars and clubs (Polaris). With an estimated 4.8 million victims of sex trafficking worldwide, the United States surpasses other countries with the number of consumers of sex trafficking averaging 400,000 per year according to the Global Slavery Index (Reuters, 2019). As an industry that is illegal and immoral, the benefits from the business yields a revenue stream of $100 billion per year at the expense of the thousands of victims forced to perform (Time, 2014). As a response to the sex trafficking concerns in the U.S., the government is passing more legislation for the various kinds of trafficking that exist and specific demographics that are affected by it. Several advocacy programs and non-profit organizations also reach out in response, with resources for victims and to drive awareness to the problem.

Who It Affects and How It Works
Preying on the vulnerable and the desperate, sex traffickers often target those who are in seemingly hopeless situations. They often prey on individuals who have suffered from previous kinds of abuse, are impoverished and/or have a low level of education. The majority of victims are female adults, children from foster homes and runaways. Sex traffickers seek out those who they can coerce and force into sex. Different from prostitution, which is at the will of the party involved, these individuals are involuntarily used for sex. Sex traffickers use women, men and children as slaves, forcing them to perform sexual services for clients. Often the victims are solicited from social circles or within the neighborhood and taken to hotels or massage salons where they are used (Reuters, 2019). Trafficking services are less likely to be traced because most transactions are done by cash. Of those who are caught, 90% of victims are arrested for selling sex, while less than 10% of buyers are arrested (USIAHT, 2020). Online advertisements have also played a role in sex trafficking, advertising online sex opportunities to vulnerable people as a way for them to escape from their current situation.

The Response 
As a global issue, countries throughout the world, including the United States, have established laws against trafficking, which is considered a form of slavery. The federal government has increased efforts to prevent sex trafficking by passing legislation that addresses various sectors of sex trafficking. In 2000, the Trafficking Victims Prevention Act (TVPA) was passed to define human trafficking victims as a person induced to perform labor or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. It protects undocumented immigrants who are victims of severe trafficking and violence and also provides protection specifically for those under the age of 18. Within the last 10 years, there has been an increase in legislation as the sex trafficking industry has grown. The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014 was passed to decrease trafficking among children in the foster care system and to assist locating runaways. Statistics show that once children are on the street, they are solicited for sex within 72 hours (Human Trafficking Advocacy, 2020). This Act helps locate children and protect them from the dangers of becoming involved in sex trafficking. The following year, in 2015, the Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act (JVTA) of 2015 was introduced to support victim assistance, provide rehabilitation services, serve fines to offenders, other anti-sex trafficking efforts and an increase in liability for buyers of commercial sex. In 2018, in response to online sex trafficking, President Trump signed the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) to combat online sex services (NY Post, 2018). Websites such as Craigslist and other webpages facilitating sex trafficking by listing victims to be bought and sold are now subjected to liability with tighter restrictions in effect (The Verge, 2018). This bill helps curtail Internet hubs that allow for posting or advertising illegal sexual services and sharing sexual content. The government has increased measures to lessen trafficking, but catching trafficking can be complicated as it is hard to trace those involved. However, this increase in legislation brings hope to victims who have been trafficked.  

In addition to legislation, several nonprofit organizations are resources for women and children who are survivors of sex trafficking. They help victims recover from the psychological and physical trauma of slavery and abuse. Advocacy groups help victims learn the difference between healthy and unhealthy relationships and bring awareness of the problem to the community. By receiving education as well as counseling, survivors are able to face what they lived through and find healing from what they experienced.

 

 

References

Human Trafficking Awareness and Advocacy Group. (2020). Working To Make a Difference. Retrieved from http://www.humantraffickingadvocacy.org

NY Post. Fonrouge, G. (2018, April 11). Trump signs law against online sex trafficking. Retrieved from https://nypost.com/2018/04/11/trump-signs-law-against-online-sex-trafficking

Polaris. The Typology of Modern Slavery: Defining Sex and Labor Trafficking in the United States. [PDF File]. Retrieved from http://www.heatwatch.org/human_trafficking/sex_trafficking#2

Reuters. (2019, December 9). Top hotels sued for ‘industry-wide failures’ to prevent U.S. sex trafficking. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-trafficking-hotels-usa-idUSKBN1YE074

Time. Luscome, E. (2014, May 20). Inside the Scarily Lucrative Business Model of Human Trafficking. Retrieved from https://time.com/105360/inside-the-scarily-lucrative-business-model-of-human-trafficking

The Verge. Robertson, A. (2018, April 11). Trump signs anti-trafficking law that weakens online free speech protections. Retrieved from https://www.theverge.com/2018/4/11/17223720/trump-signs-fosta-sesta-sex-trafficking-section-230-law

U.S. Institute Against Human Trafficking. (2020). It’s Time to Eliminate Demand. Retrieved from https://usiaht.org

Written for One Bread Foundation, Inc., June 2020


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Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States:
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by Congressional Research Service

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Health Care Sector
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by Congressional Research Service

Preventing Child Trafficking: A Public Health Approach 1st Edition
by Jonathan Todres and Angela Diaz


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Choo It… Express Kind!

One classroom management technique used by teachers in lower grade levels is to instruct students to “make a bubble mouth”. Children find this fun to hold air in their mouth bubbling their cheeks, which leads to instant silence. Children cannot talk as their mouths are closed and it is a way for the teacher to get their attention so they can listen.

How many times a day do you run into people who cut you down or say something which you don’t agree with? It is easy to make a comment back. A better practice to get into would be to “chew it” and remain silent—especially when there is steam which can be agitated to a greater argument with an unkind response back. Practice Choo-It Love Express. Choo away cut-downs and the impulse to respond. Express kind by choosing to choo it.

—Clean Up Dallas with Culture and Kindness


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Bo Mom Knows

Word up…

Mom knows first before her child heads to the birthday party that the parents were planning to bag up half of the attendees and kill off 1/3 of the 1st grade class.

Sound shocking? Well it happens.

Mom’s got the Word…

Mom knows first, even before the child even got into the car to go to the party. And she even knows who was going to be there and there was a good chance you might end up driving home with an intoxicated friend.

Bo, glad Mom knows and cared…

Being involved in your child’s life is more than just chauffeuring them to the next event and checking their grades. Good parents know where their kids are and who they are hanging out with. In fact, it probably is even a good idea to become friends with some of your kid’s friend’s parents. The time that your child spends with other children and their families has an impact on their views, peer pressure, their grades, their attitudes, and their life. Are you one of those parents who nothing slips by? Then good job, your child is safer than most. If you don’t, spend some time learning more about your child and how they spend their time when you aren’t around. This doesn’t mean limiting their freedom, but as their parent you are responsible for their life and should be aware of how they are being influenced. Ultimately you may incur extra problems if you don’t. And quite frankly, when you are that nosy with your child who is a minor, you are the kind of parent who cares.

—Clean Up Dallas with Culture and Kindness


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How-To Say I Love You PODCAST

PODCAST SCRIPT

This is Clean Up Dallas with Culture and Kindness, today is April 17, 2020 and today’s podcast is a How-To Podcast on How-To Say I Love You. Today happens to be the wedding anniversary of my parents so I want to say a quick “I love you” to them and wish them a happy 44th wedding anniversary. This month’s theme is Kindness and Kids, & Kind and today we’re going to be sharing some reminders of the importance of saying “I Love You” and saying this frequently within your family and to your children.

First of all here are some statistics…

Did you know that of full-time working parents, 39 percent of mothers and 50 percent of fathers say they feel as if they spend too little time with their children? 59 percent of full-time working mothers say they don’t have enough leisure time, and more than half of working fathers say the same. Of parents with college degrees, 65 percent said they found it difficult to balance a job and family; 49 percent of non-graduates said the same. 

Based on these statistics, families are finding it more difficult to spend time together. However, with the quarantine mandated by the Coronavirus families must stay home and therefore have more time to spend with each other. Parents also have more time to relax and have some extra time to enjoy leisure activities at home as well as with their families making it easier than ever, with no excuses, to spend time with them and say “I love you”.

Saying “I love you” can be as simple as saying “hello” to a stranger, giving a hug to someone, saying it with meaning to someone you love, giving someone a compliment, doing something for someone, or one of the best ways is to spend time. Spending quality time in person with someone is needed to grow a relationship and to say “I love you”.  It cannot be replaced by virtual contact which has become part of many relationships.

Kids can tell your parents you love them. If they are small they can draw a picture, help around the house, give hugs and kisses, and express appreciation. Tell your parents you love them!

If you are a parent or a single person, to love someone else, you need to make time in your day to love yourself. Self-love doesn’t have to be selfish. We all need time to care for ourselves and in the end it gives you more energy and the ability to love others even better. Here are some ideas. You can take a walk, write, do something you enjoy, take a bubble bath or other self-care like a massage or pedicure, spend time with other people who bring you joy to be around, vary up your day and routine by adding variety in what you do, eat, and wear, dress up, buy yourself something, pray, think good thoughts, exercise, and find time for those hobbies and activities you enjoy.

In families spending time together in person is essential to the family bond between parents and children, as it is with marriages between spouses. As I was recently going through some books I had collected and hadn’t read yet and found this book which goes along with the theme of kindness and kids and kind. The book is called Ways To Say I Love You: To Those You Love the Most. It’s written by Stephen Arterburn, Carl Dreizler & Jan Dargatz. It is important to tell people in your life how much you love them, and this book provides simple ideas and suggestions to express your love to someone by spending time together.

Each chapter of the book shares a creative idea of how to express “I love you”. The first part of the book addresses spouses and the second part of the book is how parents can express “I love you” to their children in unique ways.

I want to share a few of these ideas out of this book. Some of them may not strike you but maybe it will inspire you to do something for another person and spend time with them in a fun, creative, and meaningful way.

 

[A few random selections read from the book: Ways To Say I Love You: To Those You Love the Most by Stephen Arterburn, Carl Dreizler & Jan Dargatz. Listen to the Full Podcast including Excerpts from the Book]

 

These creative ideas are special ways to bring love to a sometimes loveless world. They are for any two people who love one another—husbands and wives, mothers and daughters; fathers and sons; lifelong friends, parents, grandparents, family; the ideas are designed to create closeness in all kinds of loving relationships. I’m sure you can come up with many ideas on your own! Spend this time of quarantine to spend more time with your kids, your spouse, and yourself. Say “I love you” by saying it frequently and showing it by spending time together as a family and with your kids. Build a special bond, by letting them know you love them!

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Ways to Say I Love You: To Those You Love the Most
 
by Stephen Arterburn, Carl Dreizler, and Jan Dargatz

How Learning Styles Differ Between Adults and Children

Do you love to learn? How do you learn best? Is it by listening, observing, reading, or physically doing something? If you learn best by observing, you are a visual learner. If you learn best by listening, you are considered an aural learner. Some learn best by using literary skills. Reading and writing is the best way for these literary learners to learn information. Others may find it most effective way to learn through the physical means using their tactical (touch) or kinesthetic (physical) ability. Rather than just finding that one learning style works best, students might find that a combination of these styles might make learning easier. Learning styles are the way we approach learning, solve problems, and use our creativity. Being able to identify which learning style works best for each student, teachers can plan lessons better to meet the needs of the students.

People also have different intellects and learn at various speeds. Each person uses their multiple intelligence with their ability in the following areas: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, spatial, and naturalist. When students learn material, the material level needs to be appropriate for the student’s intellectual ability and pace. The student might excel in math, and have the dexterity of an accomplished dancer, but score low on verbal skills. A student’s pace varies based on intellect and learning ability. Advanced students excel at reading material which uses advanced words and concepts, whereas other students might require supplementary materials to work their way through text. The brain also functions impulsively to respond to external and internal factors, and reflectively to mirror what we see and experience. Motor skills and how quickly we react can impact how we learn and respond. External factors such as alcohol and drugs can impact our motor skills effecting how quickly our brain can work. By eating healthy, staying hydrated, and getting enough sleep, a person takes care of their brain keeping it in the best condition to learn.

The brain is divided into two hemispheres, the left and the right side of the brain. Each side functions differently in how we use our logic and creativity. The left side of the brain uses logic, sequencing, helps us think, deals with facts, classifies information, and is verbal and analytical. The right side of the brain brings creativity to the world and is visual, intuitive, non-verbal, and uses the imagination. A person uses both sides of the brain to process information. Children may be more creative when it comes to learning because with less knowledge, they know less constraints. The sky is the limit for possibilities and ideas. Adults, on the other hand, may be more logical because of experiences and knowledge. They are able to analyze and make decisions faster as a result.

Teachers present information to children by scaffolding, or building upon existing knowledge. After determining what a student already knows, they present new material in simple chunks, check for understanding and use repetition to reinforce material. Children are encouraged to interact with one another and as a class asking questions and engage in class discussions. They also learn by applying their knowledge demonstrating their reading and writing skills or by creating something new. They show knowledge of what they have learned by remembering material, showing they understand it by repeating it back, applying it to situations, analyzing information, evaluating, and using what they have learned to create something new. This process is called Blooms Taxonomy. Teachers review material with students before assessing them and then test them to make sure the information has been learned. While students learning styles differ, teachers are equipped with methods to reach a variety of learners.

While adults and children share learning styles, there are differences between the way adults and children learn. Having already spent years learning, most adults are able to learn at a faster pace than children. With a background of information and experiences to draw upon, an adult is able to associate new material with what is already known. Additionally, adults have access to more resources and the ability to sift through information quicker for relevant information. Although adults might learn faster, children are more inclined to take chances, and it is easier for them to have a social circle to interact with on a regular basis for group discussion on topics.  

Adults learn similar to children by building upon previous knowledge. Adults might learn in group settings in classrooms, workshops, or individually using online training programs. The social interaction of a classroom is an open forum for adults to ask questions to peers and instructors, similar to the classroom setting of children. Using technology to learn is popular with all ages. Children thrive on using computers in classrooms and using games to learn material. Adults are more likely to use online training programs to advance their education in individualized, self-paced environments. Technology has made learning easier and fun. It engages students using a combination of learning styles. Online learning programs offer the ability to adjust levels of the program to meet the student’s ability.

Learning is a life long process. Adults who value education continue to learn their entire life. It opens new doors, bring enthusiasm, motivation, opens the door to lively discussions with other people, and adds to a person’s style and class. Whether online, through seminars, or by reading books, everyone has the opportunity to learn something new!

References

“Learning Styles. All Students Are Created Equally and Differently.” Teach Make a Difference. https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/learning-styles.

“Overview of Learning Styles.” learning-styles-online.com, Advanogy.com. http://www.learning-styles-online.com/overview (accessed 2020).

Pietrangelo, Ann. “The Left Brain and Right Brain Theory.” Healthline. https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/learning-styles (accessed January 18, 2017).


Article written for Zealousness, Issue 15, Q1, 2020
www.ineducationonline.org/e-magazine



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Leading a Restoration of Dignity

Digging into dignity of a person comes in many forms. At a minimum, it may be a few words in jest not meant to be disrespectful. At its worse, it is disowning the value of a human person and dishonoring their very existence.

An individual has dignity when they hold self-worth despite what others say or do. Fig leaves are a symbol of the first attempt of dignity after the fall of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden. As you can see in 1 Corinthians 12:23, for those who read the Bible, those parts which are less honorable are clothed, so that they may have greater honor. Whether it is sensitive matters of areas of our life or private areas of our bodies, choosing to keep these covered is part of maintaining our human dignity. While each person may have a different degree of what is acceptable to them, it should be respected that the other person does not have an equal degree of liberal dignity standards. For example, if a person is stripped and guided around in public without clothes on against their will, that would be an insult to that person’s human dignity. Watching a person going to the bathroom or showering without permission is an insult to human dignity. This is taken a step further would be even more insulting to share details of this with others. Each culture has boundaries in place to where dignity is maintained and where it’s tread upon, with most of these boundaries agreed upon throughout the world.

Having a good attitude when there is a loss, is a form of maintaining dignity. Perhaps, it is losing a contest and tossing away pride to shake the other’s hand. It may be knowing that you were called on a bad action and then come forward with it to own it. It is taking what might be viewed as shame and turning it over with ownership, choosing the higher road. 

Lack of dignity is found in many situations. A person who is unclothed and is viewed without permission, a women who is raped without her consent, the person who is homeless who is despised, or a person is treated less than equal to the general population even if they blend in, or where lack of ability or lack of physical or mental perfection is found in an individual and is mocked. It is the person who is spit on because of differences in belief, race, ability, or physical attributes. It is spying and eavesdropping invading the privacy of another, revealing trite acts of normal human daily functions such as toileting or other intricacies to disgrace someone, speaking crassly or of taboo topics when higher etiquette and conversational topics are expected. It is misuse of the human body of another person in its normal functions. It is comparing against what cannot be met and repeatedly told ‘not adequate’. Lack of dignity is any situation where a person is not respected when respect is due given.

As people who encounter other people every day, we can choose to be leaders or bystanders when we notice this. What makes a great leader is one who notices wrong and stands for what is right. It is refusing disparagement, the publication of false and injurious statements that are derogatory of another’s property, business, or product. It is the person who advocates change to make a difference for the good-will and safety of all. Dignity gives human worth and honor to each person and protects that which they choose to keep reserved.

–Clean Up Dallas with Culture and Kindness

 

I encourage everyone to be a source of inspiration to all you meet to change the current culture where dignity is lacking.  Every day I encounter dignity compromised in speech with segregation and discriminatory hate statements. Remote access given to view me live anywhere using cameras and cell phone apps with thousands who have had illegal access to view and comment live overhead to create psychologically abusive environments that cannot be escaped from. On average 6-10 people have access a day overhead, with over 50 a month and additional people added almost daily. Information is revealed that should not be anyone’s concern to publicly shun and humiliate to the entire DFW metroplex which I hear at every retail store and every place I go to. Known people rather speak remotely breaching the privacy overhead in the ceiling than spend time in person and curtail any new acquaintances to cause a life of isolation. Many groups of people have been involved in sexual crimes spraying me unconscious as a means for fun, such as a recent event with 20 rapists who pulled me out of my car and transported me to 3 locations for 20 rapes in one night, and previously other sexual crime parties of perversion and rape, at several places I’ve lived the last decade. The top stalkers use radiation assaults to abuse me overhead almost every night buzzing my body out of punishment or to wake me up. They hate my reproductive system and will use pinpoint lasers to touch body parts, use radiation to buzz, microwave radiation to expand organs, etc. They have used sprays, Taser guns, smelling objects, and hypnosis to knock me unconscious. They use transcendental dreams to strip my soul as I sleep. They inquire questions and set scenarios as they seek truths which may or not be the case and comment on what they observed as I wake up. These same people, with their propaganda have caused a discrimination issue in 56 jobs where I am hired to be publicly humiliated and let go within a day or less on average. Employers this year are even delaying paychecks by months after doing this. Despite constant reports it is all considered a civil matter, and with no means for defense, it has been a bombardment of hate, violation, and oppression for the last 13 years. These are my family members, former friends, priests, and other people. Every alive person I’ve every known has been involved who these organizers have recruited. All new employers or associations are given access as well. Standards of human dignity has completely escaped for these people. Thousands have been involved here in this area. How can dignity and privacy be elevated to a proper level of respect and value for each other?


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Breaking Ranks: Dignity For All-audiobook

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Identity: The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment

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Cultivation of Empathy in the Classroom

How well can you relate to another person? Empathy is the understanding of another person and their situation. Within the classroom environment, there are a variety of learners each with individual learning abilities who come from different social classes. Students are at a disadvantage when they are seen as not meeting the ‘status quo’ of the class and are not accepted. A certain amount of empathy needs to come from teachers, parents, and classmates toward one another to unify the class and make it a positive learning environment.

There are several different categories for learning styles unique to each student. A student may be a kinesthetic learner, learning best working with their hands, while others might learn faster by listening, visually, or by reading. A teacher wanting her students to be successful, can be empathetic to the needs of the students by finding out which is easiest for them. By assessing the students at the beginning of the school year, and referring a student’s history from the previous year, the teacher can identify these needs. The teacher can then prepare lesson plans for diversified instruction to meet the needs of multiple learning styles. The teacher can consider what works best for each class and plan lesson plans accordingly. Additionally, students might learn best working individually, or they might be more social and enjoy group interaction. They might learn best depending on how the classroom is arranged such as having the desks in a circular setting, or several desks pushed together in groups, rather than in stark rows. Teachers can plan activities working in environments best suited to the class.

Teachers who notice frustrations and provide empathy to struggling students can make a difference in the life of the student. Learning is not just about achieving the highest grades, but learning how to stay motivated, having a good attitude, and working past hurdles. As a source of encouragements, teachers can make an impact on the life of the student on a personal level. Stepping out of the role of instruction-to grade book, teachers can extend a human heart to students who may not see past the next exam. In situations like this, teachers can leave a lasting impression to student, by offering additional assistance, reassurance, and encouragement—showing that he or she truly cares about them as an individual wanting them to be successful, beyond the grade book. Teachers can find the student a tutor, they can spend time explaining the material, or if it is a distraction which is affecting learning, a good teacher can dive in to get involved to find out more about the issue which is bothering the student.

Parents can also practice empathy toward teachers. While teachers need to meet expectations to teach, parents can also keep in mind that teachers have a classroom full of students and may be overwhelmed. This does not mean that parents should lower the bar in their expectation, but it may help with their communication as they speak their concerns to teachers. They can soften their demands by stating that they understand the teacher has large class sizes and even offer to see how they can assist the teacher.

Empathy can be taught by schools within classrooms for empathy between students. Students often face bullying in schools. Whether it is that “their hair looks funny”, “they can’t play ball” or “they are the slowest one in the class”, students need to learn to be more accepting of one another. These are life skills which are useful at any age and will help a student learn to work with people who may not be exactly like them.

By identifying cases where students might not fit in, teachers can proactively plan for ways to create a comfort level and safe environment for everyone in the classroom. Students in classes might need to adapt to classmates who are different from them. Empathy and welcomeness needs to be encouraged to help classes identify with students with physical disabilities, the special education student, an English language learner, a quick learner who is gifted, or maybe a student just transferred from another class, or one who is new to the school. Often times, addressing these students with a warm welcome from the teacher demonstrates acceptance. The teacher can also help answer questions which prevents gossip and isolation based on assumptions. By creating this sense of empathy and understanding, the class can accept the student with greater ease. For the student, the ability to be welcomed as an equal within the class and not stand out as an oddity is expedited, eliminating unnecessary attention drawn to them and subjecting them to a hostile environment.

Empathy is not necessarily acceptance. It is providing an understanding to a situation or finding a common ground in the case of differences. This understanding helps create community rather than create division. It is a positive way to build energy from which education and having healthy life-long skills of human relationships are cultivated.


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Teaching with Compassion
by Peter Kaufman, Janine Schipper

Hacking School Discipline: 9 Ways to Create a Culture of Empathy and Responsibility Using Restorative Justice (Hack Learning Series)
by Nathan Maynard and Brad Weinstein


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